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Possible Causes of Hammertoe

Monday, 05 October 2020 00:00

It can be difficult to wear shoes comfortably when suffering from a hammertoe. There are several reasons that the middle toes can bend downward at the joints and resemble a hammer. These consist of genetic factors, arthritic conditions, or from an injury that may have occurred. Additional foot conditions may develop, including corns and calluses forming on top of the toes. These can be the result of consistent friction that can come from walking or running. Many patients find mild relief when larger shoes are purchased, and it may help to cover the top of the toes with a protective pad. If you notice the beginning signs of hammertoe, it is strongly recommended that you consult with a podiatrist who can help you to manage this condition.

Hammertoe

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact Dr. Gary Cesar from Michigan Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.

Symptoms

  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes

Causes

Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible

Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur

Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe

Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe

Treatment

Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it

Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used

Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions please contact our offices located in Lansing and Mt. Pleasant, MI. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What Are Hammertoes?
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